In 1956, John McCarthy setup a ten-week research project at Dartmouth University that was focused on a new concept he called “artificial intelligence.” The event included many of the researchers who would become giants in the emerging field, like Marvin Minsky, Nathaniel Rochester, Allen Newell, O.G. Selfridge, Raymond Solomonoff, and Claude Shannon. Yet the reaction to the phrase artificial intelligence was mixed. Did it really explain the technology? Was there a better way to word it? Well, no one could come up with something better–and so AI stuck.
Read about the various terms of artificial intelligence duly explained by Tom Taulli on Forbes.